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Water-related disaster in the world

Floods, droughts and windstorms were the most frequent disaster events in the past century accounting for more than 88 percent of the most hazardous one-thousand disasters from 1900 to 2009. The recorded number of water-related disasters, especially floods and windstorms, from 1980 to 2009 shows an upward trend as in Figure 1. Extreme water-related events have also become more frequent in recent years; for instance, the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004, Hurricane Katrina in the USA in 2005, Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh in 2007, floods in England in 2007, Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar in 2008, Typhoon Ketsana in the Philippines and Vietnam in 2009, and severe droughts in Australia and Europe in the past few years.

Figure1. Number of water-related disasters
Figure1. Number of water-related disasters

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