Global Center of Excellence for Water Hazard and Risk Management
In principle, all website operators are free to link to this website. This does not apply, however, if there are notes within the site such as restrictions on a link to a particular piece of information. If a link to this site is established, it should be clearly indicated that the link leads viewers to the “ICHARM website.”
The River Bureau's jurisdiction covers primarily river administration and works, directed towards disaster preparedness, development of water resources, and maintenance of the better coastal areas.
MLIT local offices with English websites
- Satsunai River Dam (Hokkaido region)
- Isawa Dam Office (Tohoku region)
- Arakawa-Karyu Office (Kanto region)
- Keihin Office of River (Kanto region)
- Fujikawa River Basin SABO Office (Kanto region)
- Futase Dam Control Office (Kanto region)
- Shinanogawa River Office (Hokuriku region)
- Nagashima Dam Office (Chubu region)
- Biwako River OFfice (Kinki region)
- Takeo Office of River (Kyusyu region)
- North Dam Construction Office (Okinawa region)
Intergovernmental Council of the IHP (IGC)
The Council is composed of 36 Member States of UNESCO elected by the General Conference of UNESCO at its ordinary sessions held every two years. The Bureau of the Intergovernmental Council of the IHP co-ordinates the work of the Council between sessions. It is composed of a Chairperson, Four Vice-Chairpersons, and the Past Chairperson as ex-officio member from the Council.
A collective UN system-wide continuing assessment process, the World Water Assessment Programme was undertaken in March 2000. The Programme serves as an "umbrella" for coordination of existing 24 UN initiatives within the freshwater assessment sphere. It is located in UNESCO headquarters in Paris. The primary out put of the WWAP is the periodic World Water Development Report (WWDR), which will need to develop the evaluation index by new technology, evaluate the condition of water resources which will influence the economical, social and environmental development, clarify the actions to take, create the guideline for increasing the capacity of policy and management on the water resources and promote the capacity building for effective evaluation.
IFI is a framework to reduce damage caused by floods in collaboration with such international organizations as Unesco, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations University (UNU), the International Associstion of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), and the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). IFI's main activities are research, education and training, information networking, human resources networking for good governance, and technical assistance. IFI made its official launch in January 2005 at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) in Kobe, Japan. ICHARM serves as the international core center for IFI, assuming the secretariat function essential to promote IFI activities. In January 2006, an international workshop was held in Tsukuba with many participants from relevant organizations. (Read more.)
International Flood Network has its objectives to facilitate cooperation in flood management in order to raise public awareness of floods and to promote sharing the information with governments, UN agencies, NGOs, and the public. Its Declaration of the Establishment was submitted in the 3rd World Water Forum as the Final Statement.
* The 1st General Assembly of IFNet was held on August 10, 2003 in Stockholm. Mr. Avinash C. Tyagi, Director of Hydrology and Water Resources, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was elected as the Chairperson. Mr. Akihiko Nunomura, Director of River Planning Division, River Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MLIT), Japan and Mr. Kees P. van Laarhoven, Director General for Water, Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, the Netherlands were elected as the Vice Chairpersons. Mr. Ryosuke Kikuchi, Director of 2nd Research Department, Infrastructure Development institute-Japan (at that time) was appointed as Director general of IFNet Secretariat. For future activities, IFNet will build and manage the system to share their experience and technology among related people on floods such as building the database of the specialists in floods, renewing its website, issuing its news letter, and participating in the international meetings. Study for the flood management and risk reduction is also helped by IFNet.
The Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) is a joint initiative of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Global Water Partnership (GWP). It promotes the concept of Integrated Flood Management (IFM) as a new approach to flood management. The programme has been financially supported by the governments of Japan and the Netherlands.
The Asia-Pacific Water Forum is an independent, not-for-profit, nonpartisan, and nonpolitical network dedicated to improving sustainable water management by championing best practices, boosting investments, building capacity, and enhancing cooperation in the water sector.
KnowledgeHubs, the Asia-Pacific Water Forum's network of regional water knowledge hubs, is a family of internationally recognized institutions committed to generating and sharing water knowledge and building capacity in the Asia-Pacific region. Each hub takes the lead in networking with clients and partners on a priority water topic such as urban water management, water quality in river basins, flood management, river basin organizations and management, water and climate change adaptation, hydroinformatics, irrigation service reform, water governance, and more.
Global Flood Alert System (GFAS)
Japan Aerospace Exploitation Agency (JAXA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are about to carry out this Global Precipitation Measurement, called GPM. (GPM: At least eight satellites in the GPM constellation provide the date needed to produce the three-hour precipitation products that scientists desire, and they would draw the precipitation map live. GPM will officially work in 2008.) Global Flood Alert System is the world-wide automatic forecast system of floods, analyzed by rainfall data which are collected live all over the world, including the data GPM will provide. It will enable developing countries, especially where do not have the telemeter rainfall observation network, to help forecasting floods. * Ministry of land, Infrastructure and Transport and Tourism, JAXA, and the related agencies are supporting to build GFAS.
The Dartmouth Flood Observatory detects maps, and measures major flood events world-wide using satellite remote sensing. The record of such events is preserved here as a World Atlas of Flood Hazard.
Since 1988 the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) has been maintaining an Emergency Events Database - EM-DAT. EM-DAT was created with the initial support of the WHO and the Belgian Government.
The main objective of the database is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels. It is an initiative aimed to rationalise decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting.
EMDAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 12,800 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies.